Albania lies on the east coast of the Balkan Peninsula and included in the Mediterranean climate zone, with relatively short winters mild and summers hot and dry. As a result of broken relief, the climate is variable from one province to another, with contrasts in temperature, precipitation, solar lighting, air humidity, etc. This gives Albania climate variability opportunity for a variety of flora and fauna, as well as magnificent landscapes of mountain and coastal. Albania has a favorable geographical position, as found at the intersection of shorter routes passing through the western Mediterranean to the Balkans and Asia Minor, by controlling the passage through sea Otranto channel. Its valleys are broader than those of the rivers Drin, Leonora and Vjosa, simultaneously facilitating internal link Balkans through the Adriatic Sea with other areas of the European-Mediterranean. The coast of the Adriatic extends from the throat of Buna to the Gjuhëzës Cape. From the bay of Vlora in southern direction, the coast is high and rocky, where mountains dominate and Vetëtimës Karaburun Peninsula. Top Albanian Bays are the Drin bay, the Lalëzit, Durres and Vlora bay, which is the entrance to the island of Sazan.
The territory of Albania is rich with mountains and hills, which occupy 2 / 3 of the surface of the country, widely spread from north to south. Most important points are Dajti mountain, Llogara, pears, Bozdoveci, Voskopoja, Valbona of Thethi. These points provide many natural opportunities to practice numerous activities such as mountaineering, trekking, hiking, skiing, cave exploration, mountain bike, etc.
As for mountain climbing, Albania has already an admirable tradition. Albanian Federation of Alpinism, which was established in 1958 organized and organizes alpin activities in the most spectacular regions of Albania. Areas most important for sport and mountain climbing are Jezerca, iron mountain, Razma and much more in the Alps, Munella in Monaghan, Korabi Radomir and Lura in the district of Dibra, Biza in the district of Tirana, the mountain of the district of Vlora Cikës mountain of Tomorr in Berat, Elbasan Gjinari the mountain of Rungajës in Vithkuq, the park district Qafë Shtamës in Kruja others. In addition to mountain climbing sport of mountain peaks and mountain areas are attractive for the construction of camping and accommodation in tents. Of course, this during the warm season, as winter was great hanging tough and makes it impossible, not only mounting, but the construction of a campsite.
Regarding the border crossing procedures for hikers between Albania and Montenegro, Albania and Kosovo, the visitors may pass the tourist paths in the borders between the countries (not in border crossing points) by a special permission given by the Border Authorities in the respective countries (Albania, Montenegro and Kosovo).
The application form can be on-line taken and after can be sending to the Border Crossing Authorities (Police Stations) that the visitors would like to pass.
This application can be made for groups only and this should be send 15 (fifteen) days before.
For more information about the information form, click here
The territory of Albania offers great opportunities for the exercise of trekking activities and mountain climbing. Areas where you can develop these activities are extended from north to south. Lovely is UNMIK trekking program called trekking of Çikës, which takes place in the southwest area of the country, covered the valley of Wadi asgje, Çikës verse, and ends Kurveleshit area Ionian coast. This place along the trekking route Dukat-Tërbaç-Vranisht-scat-Kudhës-Qeparo. Other areas suitable for trekking and climbing are the Albanian Alps in such points as: Vermosh, Theth, Razëm, Boge, Valbona, etc. Mali Tomorr widespread in the districts of Berat and Skrapar. Vithkuqi, Voskopoja, Drenova in the district of Korca, stone circle Kamjes in Pogradec, in Drinos Valley area in the district of Gjirokastra Dropullit and route Borsh-slime that pervades Kurveleshin others.
Walking is another way of enjoying nature, also doing physical activity. In all European mountainous countries, long walks or walking on foot are the bases of active tourism, as this activity extends to all ages. In Albania, walking on foot is also a sport very applied, because the nature and territories with narrow paths and monopates, offer a special pleasure. Usually for different groups are residents of villages near the guide, who know the area well. Walks with feet are vulnerable to all, just a desire to pass a part of free time in nature, outside the city noise.
Skiing is particularly developed in the area of Korca, which is known for its skiing resorts. The main area for development of winter sports is mountain of Voskopoja point and track the Bigëllit in Boboshticë where the races held ski National Championship. It is worth noting here also the area of Shishtaveci Kuksit, pears in the district of Maradi, the Albanian Alps with Razmën, Boge, Thethit and the district of Gramsh Grabovën.
Voskopoja: Voskopoja located about 21 km from Korca on a plateau 1160 m above sea level. Feature of the countrys clean air and fresh water and curative. During winter you can practice the sport of skiing
Razma: Razmës village located about 41 km north of Shkodra is the ideal place to practice mountain climbing mountains and skiing. Other villages around it; Vermosh, Boga and Vukli are unique to their natural beauty. This area is known for generosity and the tradition of hospitality.
As a result of the large spread limestone formations in the territory of Albania, the country has a diversified development of karstic forms, which enabled the existence of many karstic caves of great interest for tourism, or as called speleologjia. Albania is well known throughout the region for the amount and diversity of caves.
Only in the area of Shkodra are 35 caves such as Zhylës, Jubani, Muriqi, well, Rath and beer with others. Of special interest tourism can mention Pėllumbasit Cave, which otherwise is called and Black Cave, it is located southeast of Tirana. Another attractive cave cave Pirrogashit is located in the district of Skrapar south of the country, it is the largest caves in Albania. Other caves are, cave Neziri (Mat), cave in Kurvelesh Lek pin, the train Devoll, etc.
A particular activity may be conducted in mountainous areas is mountain cycling. Tours of cycling mountainous place in the Albanian Alps, as in Theth, Boge, Vermosh etc.
Albanian nature offers many possibilities for sports and active holidays. Developed here is aeronautics, which is linked to appropriate conditions and natural topographic Albania. Appropriate point to practice this sport is the Llogara Neck area of Vlora, where the wind direction is very favorable.
Fishing is one of the main activities in the coastal and inland waters. Appropriate climate in our country makes the fishing season in Albania to be active throughout the year. This continued expansion of time, has its fluctuations depending on the season of propagation of fish. The comfort of a sport such as fishing, supplemented by relaxation effects that this sport offers as well as the wild beauty of the Albanian landscape. Our country is rich in appropriate areas for the exercise of this activity. Among the mountain areas are ideal for fishing Valbona River valley, the brook trout Thethit where languages of marble, Vjosa upper valleys, etc. Fishing hooks sport can be exercised in the rivers Vjosa, Seman, Mat, etc. Drin. Separate pleasure is fishing in the lagoon, especially in Karavasta, Narte, Kune-Vain, etc.
By order of the Ministry of Tourism, no. 135, dated 12 May 2011, rafting sports in Albania is given the status of the Albanian Rafting Federation, which creates conditions and opportunities on greater progress and development of this sport with old traditions in Albania. It is the terrain and the valleys which are very attractive and appropriate to our rivers, that require a thie presente sport, such as water sport of rafting. We already know that water rafting sport in Albania, held mainly in river valleys, as Osumi, Vjosa Devolli, Valbona. Buna, Drini and Shkumbini are attended by many foreign and domestic tourists. But, obviously, Canyons of Osumi River, are among the most quoted and most famous in Albania for themselves the beauty and distinctive landscape that nature has bestowed this valley, with a very rare panorama of its stunning. The itinerary to exercise rafting sports in this valley is : Qafzez - Mican - Corrovodë, while in the valley of the Vjosa raftig itinerar crosses the area: Dashis Bridge - Canyon Langaricës. Other areas where these sports practiced in Albania are: Devoll Valley south of the country and valleys of Valbona and Shala in the Alps, etc.
Hipism (otherwise called sport of horses), its strands in Albania starts about 100 years ago in the town of Shkodra. Later continued better organized during the Kingdom of the ZOG. After World War II, for about forty years hipism was exercised only by segments of the Albanian army in various competitions. This sport is practiced mainly in those districts that have quality of horses as in Shkodra, Durres, Tirana, Elbasan (Cerrik), Korce, Qari Berat, Vlora, Field Pelave in Lura, etc. Shishtaveci in Kukes. Geographic Scope of this sport is very interesting, where nature typical for each of the countries mentioned, interlaced with elements of special geographic, historical and traditional
Sports underwater in Albania are held in professional dimensions only after the 90s. Areas suitable for underwater diving to mention are the Rodoni Cape, Cape of Lagjit, the area around the Karaburun Peninsula and the island of Sazan, beach Dhermi in Zhironit beach in Vlora etc. Cold Water. These areas provide a rich flora and fauna underwater, sunken ships, coral and objects of archaeological value. In Dhermi beach summer courses organized each year for this kind of activity. Immersion underwater are allowed under special permits Archaeological Institute