Albanian literature, was born generally late due to the difficult historical conditions.
In the XV century are the first writings in Albanian language.
The first works of Albanian print is "Meshari" of Gjon Buzuku, published in 1555.
Albanian literature during the late Middle Ages were represented by works written in Latin, language of that time culture, such as works of Albanian Humanists, M. Barleti, M. Beçikemi, Maruli etc. and on the other hand, works in the Albanian language a literary constellation Patriots as: P. Budi, F.Bardhi, P. Bogdani etc., which developed their creative activity in poetry and prose.
Artistic literature will start early in XIX century, with the development of the national movement for the liberation of Albania from the Ottoman invaders. At this time, in Albania and diaspora took place the press and publication of books made the first steps in the Albanian national literature.
The first major works of literature will be the poem "Songs of Milosao," by the poet Jeronim de Rada, published in 1836.
All works published until 1912, will belong to a literary period under the name of Renaissance literature.
This is a patriotic literature with romantic aspiration and military grades mainly. This literature, was represented by the poet Naim Frasheri, whom with his lyrical and epic poetry, became the national poet of the Albanian people.
Authors of this period were Andon Zako Çajupi, F. Konica, Asdreni, F. Shiroka, G. Dara, Z. Serembe etc.
Literature of this period was mainly poetry.
Prose would make the first steps as journalism prose, and less as historical fiction.
Likewise dramaturgy(dramatics) and will provide the first pioneer(ing) works.
With the liberation of Albania and the creation of the Albanian state, literature will enter in a new development period(1912-1939).
Poetry was accompanied by creativity of different poets as: Gjergj Fishta, N. Mjeda, F. Noli, L. Poradeci, A. Asllani, V. Prenushi etc..
Literature would mark a new phase with the emergence of Albanian novel in the second decade of this century with the novels of N. Nikajt, F. Postolit, Z. Arapi, H. Stermilli and S. Spasse.
Story, artistically qualified by these author: M. Kuteli and E. Koliqi.
During the Independence period, patriotic themes will not be at the center of literature. Acute social problems will be handled by the realistic literature generation, which mention the talented poet and prose writer Migjeni, which left deep traces in Albanian modern literature.
In this regard, to be mention are the young literary as P. Marko, N. Bulka, Dh. Shuteriqi, G. Pali, A. Çaçi etc.
Realistic literature was developed during national liberation. Although in terms of a monist state, Albanian literature for years (1944-1990) was consolidate and was affirmed as a literature of European level.
An important moment in Albanian literature in these years are in the novel, where we can mention D. Agolli, J. Xoxa, S. Spasse, A, Abdihoxha, F. Gjata.
In this area of great contrasts talents Ismail Kadare, whose novels are an encyclopedia of life and history of Albanians people. Also they constitute a new chapter with special merit in Albanian literature.
With this author, translated into dozens of languages worldwide, Albanian literature is represented with full dignity to the public and foreign.
The picture of today's Albanian literature is vast, complex and most important issue, it is always developing.
This explains, and the fact that, within a pluralistic society, literature is gaining a wider breath, and diversity concepts ideo - aesthetic and shape variations of the expression of the most modern.